ABC Seminar: Neural circuits mediating transfer of motor knowledge
Prof Mukamel discusses neural systems for action and perception, and presents a study on using virtual reality setup for practicing motor skills.
Prof. Roy Mukamel, Tel Aviv University
Title: Neural circuits mediating transfer of motor knowledge
Abstract: Learning a motor skill requires practice that can last days, months, or even years, if one is to reach the level of professional musicians or athletes. But what constitutes the optimal way to practice? Common wisdom states that ‘Practice makes perfect’ – and indeed physical practice is optimal when it comes to learning a motor skill. Nonetheless, the role of sensory perception (such as visual/auditory input) has been also recognized. During my talk I will describe the neural substrates underlying the links between action production and sensory perception. Using a novel virtual reality setup developed in the lab, I will demonstrate that manipulation of sensory input can introduce significant performance gains on a motor task in the absence of voluntary physical movement in healthy subjects. Finally, I will demonstrate how this setup can be used to exploit the voluntary control of the healthy hand to introduce performance gains in the affected hand of patients suffering from upper-limb hemiparesis.
After the talk, coffee and pulla will be served.